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A PRELIMINARY CHECKLIST OF ODONATA (INSECTA) FROM THE ARASBARAN BIOSPHERE RESERVE AND VICINITY, NORTHWESTERN IRAN

 


 

Hassan Ghahari*1 and Apisit Thipaksorn2

 
1 Department of Entomology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Zoology, Kasetsart University, Chatuchak, Bangkok, Thailand

 

*hghahari@yahoo.com
Received: 07 December 2012 Accepted: 01 December 2014 Published: 31 December 2014

 
 

Geaotag: Iran, Arasbaran [38°40' to 39°08’N; 46°39' to 47°02’E]

 
 

The odonates fauna from Arasbaran (East Azarbaijan province, northwestern Iran) is studied in this paper. In total, 26 species from 15 genera and 8 families (Aeshnidae, Calopterygidae, Coenagrionidae, Cordulegastridae, Euphaeidae, Gomphidae, Libellulidae, and Platycnemididae) were collected and identified.

Odonata, with 5680 extant species (Kalkman et al. 2008), are powerful predators and have an efficient role in natural biological control of pests (Sakenin et al. 2008). Adult odonates are medium to large in size, often conspicuous and/or brightly colored insects and are aerial predators hunting by sight. They generally are found at or near freshwater, although some species roam widely and may be found far from their breeding sites. The larvae are predatory, aquatic and occur in all types of inland watercourse (Corbet 1962; Carle 1982; Dunkle 1990; Garrison et al. 2006; Heckman 2006).

The fauna of Iranian Odonata is studied rather well studied (Schmidt 1954; Blom 1982; Lohmann 1990 1992; Heidari & Dumont 2002; Kalkman et al. 2004; Majidi-Shilsar et al. 1998; Sakenin et al. 2008a, b, 2011; Ghahari et al. 2008, 2009, 2012; Sadeghi & Mohammadalizadeh 2009; Ebrahimi et al. 2009, 2013, 2014; Kiany & Minaei 2009; Sadeghi 2010, 2011; Rastegar et al. 2013). The aim of this research is to understand the species richness of Odonata in Arasbaran. Arasbaran is an important region in the East Azerbaijan province. This area is located in the north of Iran at the border with Armenia and Azerbaijan and belongs to the Caucasus Iranian Highlands, between the Caspian, Caucasus and Mediterranean regions. The location of Arasbaran is 38°40' to 39°08’N; 46°39' to 47°02’E and its elevation (meters above sea level) is +250m to +2,887m. In this paper we conduct a faunistic survey of Odonata in the Arasbaran Biosphere Reserve.  

The specimens for this research were collected by long-handed aerial net with a net opening of about 45cm from different habitats (especially close to freshwater bodies, mainly along canals, pools, streams, ponds and small seasonal rivers) in Arasbaran, East Azarbaijan province (northwestern Iran). In total, 49 habitats were sampled during 2006-2010 and a total of 78 specimens collected. The collected specimens were put in 75% alcohol or pinned as determined by different resources (e.g. Tirgary 1979; Watson et al. 1991; Dijkstra & Lewington 2006; Hartmann 2006; Kalkman 2006). Additionally, some insect collections of Islamic Azad University were checked and their data are used in this paper. Classification, nomenclature and distribution data suggested by Davies & Tobin (1985), Watson et al. (1991), Dumont (1991) and Heidari & Dumont (2002) were followed.

78 odonate specimens were collected from different regions of Arasbaran. The specimens consisted of 26 species from 15 genera and 8 families.  Our results suggest, the Odonata fauna from Arasbaran is rather diverse in the Mediterranean region. Among the eight families found, Libellulidae with 12 species from 6 genera is the most diverse family. Among the different regions of Iran where the odonates' fauna was studied, West Azarbaijan province is the nearest area to Arasbaran, where in total 25 species from 19 genera and 8 families (Aeshnidae, Calopterygidae, Coenagrionidae, Cordulegastridae, Corduliidae, Euphaeidae, Gomphidae and Libellulidae) were collected by Rastegar et al. (2013). For better understanding of the diversity and distribution of odonata species in the region, further faunistic surveys are necessary.

LIST OF SPECIES

Order Odonata Fabricius, 1792


Family Aeshnidae Rambur, 1842
Genus Aeshna Fabricius, 1775
Aeshna mixta Latreille, 1805
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Aras boundary (779 m), 1♂, 1♀, July 2007. Haris (1914 m), 1♀, April 2008.
General distribution: Eurosiberian.

Genus Anax Leach, 1815    
Anax ephippiger(Burmeister, 1839)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Kaleibar (1135 m), 1♀, spring 2008.
General distribution: African to Pakistan; Arid zones.
Anax imperator Leach, 1815
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Khomarloo (411 m), 1♀, July 2009.
General distribution: African, Eurosiberian.
Anax parthenope (Selys, 1839)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Absh-Ahmad (469 m), 1♂, June 2009.
General distribution: African, Oriental, Eurosiberian.

Family Calopterygidae Selys, 1850
Genus Calopteryx Leach, 1815
Calopteryx intermedia Selys, 1887
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Jolfa (806 m), 2♂, 1♀, April 2006. East Azarbaijan province, Khomarloo (391 m), 1♂, July 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Varzaqan (1664 m), 1♂, August 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Aras boundary (818 m), 2♀, April 2009.
General distribution: South and East Anatolia, Syria, West and Central Iran.

Family Coenagrionidae Kirby, 1890
Genus Ischnura Charpentier, 1840
Ischnura elegans ebneri Schmidt, 1838
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Kaleibar (1135 m), 1♂, 2♀, September 2009. East Azarbaijan province, Hoorand (1122 m), 1♂, spring 2010.
General distribution: Eastern of Eurosiberian.
Ischnura evansi Morton, 1919
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Haris (1907 m), 1♂, April 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Khajeh (1506 m), 2♂, April 2009.
General distribution: Irano-Turanian.
Ischnura pumilio (Charpentier, 1825)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Varzaqan (1664 m), 1♂, September 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Ahar (1348 m), 2♂, September 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Aras boundary (779 m), 1♀, September 2009.
General distribution: Eurosiberian.

Genus Coenagrion Kirby, 1890
Coenagrion vanbrinkae Lohmann, 1993
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Haris (1907 m), 1♂, July 2009.
General distribution: East Anatolia and West Iran, related to Eurosiberian.

Family Cordulegastridae Calvert, 1893
Genus SonjagasterLohmann, 1992
Sonjagaster nobilis (Morton, 1916)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Khomarloo (391 m), 2♂, September 2009. East Azarbaijan province, Hoorand (1109 m), 1♂, spring 2010.
General distribution: Endemic to Anatolia-Iran.

Family Euphaeidae Selys, 1853
Genus Epallage Charpentier, 1840
Epallage fatime (Charpentier, 1840)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Ahar (1348 m), 2♂, 1♀, June 2006. East Azarbaijan province, Aras boundary (818 m), 1♀, August 2007. East Azarbaijan province, Haris (1914 m), 1♂, April 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Hoorand (1122 m), 1♂, 1♀, July 2010.
General distribution: Endemic to Middle East, western outlier of Oriental.

Family Gomphidae Rambur, 1842
Genus Onychogomphus Selys, 1854
Onychogomphus assimilis Schneider, 1845
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Ahar (1366 m), 1♂, June 2008.
General distribution: Endemic to Middle East.
Onychogomphus lefebvrii (Rambur, 1842)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Kaleibar (1142 m), 1♀, 1♂, September 2009.
General distribution: Endemic to Middle East.

Family Libellulidae Leach, 1815
Genus Crocothemis Brauer, 1868
Crocothemis erythraea (Brullé, 1832)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Varzaqan (1658 m), 1♂, 2♀, April 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Hoorand (1109 m), 1♀, spring 2009.
General distribution: Afrotropical, Mediterranean.

Genus Libellula Linnaeus, 1758
Libellula depressa Linnaeus, 1758
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Absh-Ahmad (469 m), 1♂, August 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Jolfa (806 m), 1♀, 1♂, September 2010.
General distribution: Eurosiberian.

Genus Orthetrum Newman, 1833
Orthetrum anceps (Schneider, 1845)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Kaleibar (1142 m), 1♂, 1♀, June 2007. East Azarbaijan province, Absh-Ahmad (469 m), 1♂, September 2007. East Azarbaijan province, Khomarloo (404 m), 1♀, April 2009.
General distribution: Mediterranean to India.
Orthetrum brunneum (Fonscolombe, 1837)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Khomarloo (411 m), 2♂, 1♀, April 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Ahar (1366 m)), 1♂, July 2009.
General distribution: Eurosiberian
Orthetrum ransonneti (Brauer, 1865)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Khajeh (1506 m), 1♂, July 2006.
General distribution: Irano-Turanian.
Orthetrum sabina (Drury, 1770)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Varzaqan (1671 m), 1♂, April 2006. East Azarbaijan province, Ahar (1352 m), 2♂, August 2008.
General distribution: Oriental and Palaearctic.

Genus Pantala Hagen, 1861
Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Haris (1926 m), 1♂, 2♀, June 2007. East Azarbaijan province, Hoorand (1135 m), 1♂, 1♀, July 2007. East Azarbaijan province, Aras boundary (793 m), 1♂, April 2009.
General distribution: Sub-cosmopolitan.

Genus Trithemis Brauer, 1868
Trithemis annulata (Palisot de Beauvois, 1805)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Khomarloo (411 m), 2♂, April 2008.
General distribution: Afrotropical and Palaearctic.
Trithemis arteriosa (Burmeister, 1839)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Kaleibar (1144 m), 1♂, July 2006. East Azarbaijan province, Jolfa (789 m), 1♀, April 2009.
General distribution: Afrotropical and Palaearctic.
Trithemis festiva (Rambur, 1842)
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Ahar (1352 m), 2♂, 1♀, June 2009. East Azarbaijan province, Haris (1926 m), 1♂, September 2008.
General distribution: Oriental and Palaearctic.
Trithemis kirbyi Selys, 1891
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Haris (1926 m), 1♂, 1♀, September 2008. East Azarbaijan province, Jolfa (789 m), 1♂, August 2006.
General distribution: Afrotropical and Oriental.

Genus Zygonyx Hagen, 1867
Zygonyx torrida Kirby, 1889
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Jolfa (789 m), 1♂, unknown date.
General distribution: Afrotropical and Oriental.

Family Platycnemididae Jacobson & Bianchi, 1905
Genus Platycnemis Burmeister, 1839
Platycnemis dealbata Selys & Hagen, 1850
Material examined: East Azarbaijan province, Ahar (1352 m), 2♀, June 2006.
General distribution: East Mediterranean to Mesasiatic.

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS


The authors are grateful to D. Paulson of USA, M. Schorr of Germany for providing the necessary articles, and M. Havaskary for sending many specimens. The research was supported by Shahre Rey Islamic Azad University, and Kasetsart University of Thailand.

 
 

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Site this article as:

Ghahari H. and Thipaksorn A., (2014) A preliminary checklist of odonata (Insecta) from the Arasbaran biosphere reserve and vicinity, northwestern Iran - The Journal of Tropical Asian Entomology 03 (1): 43-49